The Energy Efficiency Directive (2012/27/EC) (EED), adopted on 25th October 2012, introduces a set of binding measures to be implemented by Member States with the aim to help achieve the objective of saving 20% of the EU’s primary energy consumption by 2020 compared to projections. The EED repeals the CHP Directive (2004/8/EC), setting clear actions for Member States to promote CHP. The implementation of the EED at the MS level holds great importance on the extent to which the CHP sector will benefit from the Directive.
The EED makes the following provisions for the promotion of CHP:
- By the end of 2015 Member States are required to carry out comprehensive assessments of CHP potential, a territory-level cost-benefit analysis and installation-level cost-benefit analysis, with requirements to take action for promoting CHP based on the results of these assessments;
- Positive provisions on micro-CHP, including recommendations to set up an “inform and install” simplified procedure for connecting micro-CHP units to the grid;
- Opportunities at national level for supply-side energy efficiency measures to count toward the achievement of the energy savings obligations in Art. 7;
- In Article 15, high efficiency CHP gets guaranteed transmission and distribution, priority or guaranteed access to the grid and priority of dispatch, within the limits of a secure operation of the national power system.