Publishable report

Executive Summary

The CODE 2 project worked with national experts across 27 European Union Member States to identify a growth path for combined heat and power (CHP) in each country and to project the likely results on Europe’s energy and climate goals of a suitable policy structure around CHP.

The project roadmaps estimate that in 2030 CHP could generate 20% of the EU’s electricity highly efficiently on a range of increasingly renewable fuels. 15% of the EU’s heat today comes from CHP[1] (850 TWh). The CODE 2 project estimates that this heat volume will increase by around half to 1,264 TWh in 2030. The CHP Roadmap projections estimate that new and upgraded CHP capacity beyond 2012 would further reduce total inland energy consumption by 870 TWh and additionally reduce CO2 emissions by 350 Mt in 2030[2].

The roadmaps include separate bio-energy based roadmaps showing that the fuel mix for CHP is shifting to renewable fuels, making innovation and the reliability of these supply chains an important factor for the sector. A micro-CHP analysis for each sector shows the potential to increase micro-CHP in Europe before 2030 in response to industry reducing the product cost to a competitive level.

CHP is embedded across Europe’s economy: hospitals, universities, industries, and district heating schemes are providing heat and generating electricity. This guarantees energy savings at the energy network level but does not guarantee a return on investment for the CHP operator. The roadmaps reinforce that the main challenge for CHP remains to achieve a good business proposition for CHP operators.

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